Acne Scars

Acne is a skin condition that causes pimples or “zits.” This includes whiteheads, blackheads, and red, inflamed patches of skin (such as cysts). Acne occurs when pores—tiny openings on the surface of the skin—become clogged.

Acne is most common in teenagers, but anyone can get acne, even babies. Hormonal changes may cause the skin to be more oily. Acne tends to run in families. Treatments for acne are based on individual needs and will be determined during your consultation with Chaitali Nangrani, MD. For active acne, a combination of microdermabrasion, chemical peels, and skin care is usually recommended. For clients with acne scarring, laser resurfacing will give the most aggressive results.

What is Acne?

  • Each pore opens to a follicle. A follicle contains a hair and an oil gland. The oil released by the gland helps remove old skin cells and keeps your skin soft.
  • When glands produce too much oil, the pores can become blocked. Dirt, bacteria, and cells build up. The blockage is called a plug or comedone.
  • If the top of the plug is white, it is called a whitehead.
  • If the top of the plug is dark, it is called a blackhead.
  • If the plug breaks open, swelling and red bumps occur.
  • Acne that is deep in your skin can cause hard, painful cysts. This is called cystic acne.

Acne may be triggered by:

  • Hormonal changes related to puberty, menstrual periods, pregnancy, birth control pills, or stress
  • Greasy or oily cosmetic and hair products
  • Certain drugs (such as steroids, testosterone, estrogen, and phenytoin or Dilantin)
  • High levels of humidity and sweating

Research does not show that chocolate, nuts, and greasy foods cause acne. However, diets high in refined sugars may be related to acne.

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